Wildland Fire Fighter Entrapments 1976-1999|
Munson, Steve ; Mangan, Richard J.. 2000. Wildland Firefighter Entrapments: 1976 - 1999. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center.
Summarizes United States wildland firefighter entrapments, fire shelter deployments, and burnover fatalities from 1976 to 1999. During the period, 105 firefighters died in 28 entrapments. Firefighters were entrapped 240 times during the period. Entrapments are summarized based on incident complexity (Type 1, most complex, to Type 5, least complex), resource type (engines, dozers, tractor/plows, and crews), agency jurisdiction, and geographic area. Fire shelter deployments and fatality burnovers were analyzed by incident complexity and resource type. Failure to pay proper attention to fire behavior, commmunications, safety zones and escape routes, and firefighting qualifications were identified as common factors in many entrapments.
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